A Surgical Nurse is an expert in surgical care, focuses primarily on the mental and physical wellness of patients before, during and after surgery.
There are several different types of surgical nursing, each of which carries unique responsibilities.
What are the different types of practices performed by the Surgical Nurses?
The surgical nurses may practice in different types of surgery. They are General surgery such as Appendicectomy and Gallbladder removal, vascular surgery such as Varicose Vein Surgery and Aortic Aneurysm repair, Colo-rectal surgery like stoma formation, Surgical Oncology like breast surgery and tumors resections, Orthopaedic surgery like the knee or hip replacements and fracture repair, Urolological surgery such as prostate surgery and Day surgery or ambulatory surgery, where a patient is discharged within 24 hours.
What are the various types of duties of a Surgical Nurse?
There are two types of duties performed by the surgical nurses. They are the Pre-Operative Care and the Post-Operative Care.
What do you mean by the Pre-Operative Care?
In the Pre-Operative Care, there is preparation of patients for their procedure which involves ensuring pre-medication is administered and the patient or guardian has given written consent. The required blood-tests have been done and the identification labels and identification bracelets are corrected. All allergies have been recorded in the patient’s notes and that the patient has been fasted appropriately.
What do you mean by the Post-Operative Care?
In this, the patient must be closely observed for signs of shock and arrest. The surgical nurse also makes sure the wound created by the surgery is in one piece and must be knowledgeable in wound care and the care of surgical drains. Surgical Nurses are responsible for the management of pain and post-operative nausea and vomiting, which are common post-operative side effects. The surgical nurse is also responsible for the discharge of the patient and giving the patient information on support systems and measures necessary to their recovery.
What is the typical working condition for surgical nurse job?
Surgical nurses provide direct patient care to individuals in the pre-surgical, operative and recovery periods. They can expect to work long hours under stressful conditions, and are required to be on their feet for extensive periods of time. Surgical nurses may be employed by free-standing surgery clinics, hospital trauma or emergency centers, and hospital surgical suites. Some of the characteristics of successful surgical nurses include attention to detail, patience and compassion for patients and the ability to work well within a team environment.
What do you know abou scrub nurses?
Scrub nurses are RNs who work within the sterile field, assisting the surgeon during surgical procedures. The scrub nurse scrubs her hands and arms with sterilizing soap and dons sterile garments prior to entering the surgical field. She assists the surgeon by handing over sterile instruments or other materials, adjusting equipment, and monitoring the patient's condition. Hospitals do not generally hire scrub nurses directly from nursing school, but require a specified amount of nursing experience, particularly in the role of a circulating nurse.
Who are circulating nurses?
Circulating, or perioperative, nurses, are RNs who work with the surgical team, but do not enter the sterile field. He also assists the surgical team during the procedure by securing additional supplies or instruments as needed, arranging for the transport of specimens to labs, and assisting the scrub nurse and surgeons in donning their sterile suits. One very important role of the circulating nurse is accounting for all equipment, gauze and other items used during surgery to prevent the loss of an item in the wound.
What do RN first assistants do?
RN First Assistants (RNFAs) are nurses with extensive additional training who provide direct surgical care under the supervision of the surgeon. He performs procedures such as clamping to control bleeding, providing wound exposure and suturing at the close of the operation. In order two work as a first assistant, nurses must have at least two years of experience in the capacity of scrub or circulating nurse, and successfully pass a comprehensive examination, the CRNFA, which is administered by the Competency and Credentialing Institute.
What is the duty of Perianesthesia nurse?
Perianesthesia nurses are the RNs who assist individuals in the periods before and after surgery. Prior to a surgical procedure, this nurse is the one who begins an intravenous line, assesses the patient, performs any preparation such as shaving, and administers medications. After the surgery, a perianesthesia nurse is responsible for monitoring the patient's condition as he or she begins to wake up from anesthesia. Her duties also include removing IVs or catheters, checking on the condition of wounds or dressings, and address issues of pain management. One of the most important roles of the perianesthetic nurse is that of patient advocate, as she is in a position to convey patient needs to other staff and to provide education and support to both patient and family.